Journal of the American Chemical Society, Vol.140, No.1, 82-85, 2018
Dendrite-Free Li-Metal Battery Enabled by a Thin Asymmetric Solid Electrolyte with Engineered Layers
The key bottleneck troubling the application of solid electrolyte is the contradictory requirements from Li-metal and cathode, which need high modulus to block Li-dendrite penetration and flexibility to enable low interface resistance, respectively. This study describes a thin asymmetrical design of solid electrolyte to address these shortcomings. In this architecture, a rigid ceramic-layer modified with an ultrathin polymer is toward Li-metal to accomplish dendrite-suppression of Li-anode, and a soft polymer-layer spreads over the exterior and interior of cathode to endow connected interface simultaneously. This ingenious arrangement endows solid Li-metal batteries with extremely high Coulombic efficiency and cyclability. This work will open up one avenue for realizing safe and long-life energy storage systems.