Journal of Materials Science, Vol.53, No.5, 3289-3295, 2018
Scalable fabrication of novel SiC nanowire nonwoven fabric
Flexible papers constructed by one-dimensional nanowires have attracted much attention due to their various applications. Herein, a novel nonwoven fabric with paper-like qualities composed of zinc blende SiC (beta-SiC) nanowires was fabricated by a scalable rolling process. The SiC nanowires were synthesized by the carbothermal reduction reaction of the carbon fiber and carbonaceous silica xerogel. The crystal phase, morphology and microscopic structure of the as-prepared SiC nanowires were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscope, X-ray diffraction and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The nanowire vapor-solid growth mechanism and preparation process for SiC nanowire nonwoven fabric were also discussed. The freestanding SiC nanowire nonwoven fabric exhibited high flexibility, high mechanical strength, excellent refractory performance and thermal stability. With high flexibility, high mechanical strength, superior nonflammability and thermal stability, the flexible paper-like 3C-SiC nanowire nonwoven fabric materials would be expected to have some potential applications, such as ceramic matrix composites, metal matrix composites, energy storage, catalyst supports, radiation-proof fabric, filtration and separation.