Journal of Chemical and Engineering Data, Vol.62, No.12, 4310-4326, 2017
Accurate Experimental (p, rho, T) Data for the Introduction of Hydrogen into the Natural Gas Grid: Thermodynamic Characterization of the Nitrogen-Hydrogen Binary System from 240 to 350 K and Pressures up to 20 MPa
The experimental density data of the binary system nitrogen-hydrogen available at the time of the development of the equation of state for natural gases and related mixtures, GERG-2008, were limited to hydrogen contents higher than 0.15 (amount-of-substance fraction) and temperatures above 270 K. This work provides accurate experimental (p, rho, T) data for three binary mixtures of nitrogen and hydrogen: (0.95 N-2 + 0.05 H-2), (0.90 N-2 + 0.10 H-2), and (0.50 N-2 + 0.50 H-2) at temperatures of 240, 250, 260, 275, 300, 325, and 350 K, thus extending the range of available experimental data to low hydrogen contents and low temperatures. The density measurements were performed by using a single-sinker densimeter with magnetic suspension coupling at pressures up to 20 MPa. Experimental data were compared with the corresponding densities calculated from the GERG-2008 and the AGA8-DC92 equations of state. The relative deviations of the experimental data from both equations of state were within the estimated uncertainty value of the equations. Therefore, the experimental data agree very well with the values estimated from the equations. The virial coefficients B(T,x), C(T,x), and D(T,x) as well as the second interaction virial coefficient B-12(T) for the nitrogen-hydrogen binary system were also calculated from the experimental data set at temperatures from 240 to 350 K. The resulting values agree with those from literature.