Enzyme and Microbial Technology, Vol.109, 11-19, 2018
Functional expression enhancement of Bacillus pumilus CotA-laccase mutant WLF through site-directed mutagenesis
Bacterial laccases are potential enzymes for biotechnological applications, such as detoxification of industrial effluents, decolorization of textile, and dimerization of phenolic acids, due to their remarkable advantages, including broad substrate spectrum, high thermostability, wide pH scope, and tolerance to alkaline environments. L386W/G417L/G57F (abbreviated as WLF), a good mutant of CotA-laccase from Bacillus pumilus W3, has been constructed and reported by our laboratory with highly improved catalytic efficiency. However, the low functional expression level of mutant WLF in Escherichia coli was a shortcoming. Three mutants, namely, K317N/WLF, D501G/WLF, and K317N/D501G/WLF, were constructed through site-directed mutagenesis to improve the functional expression of WLF in this study. The soluble and active expression of D501G/WLF and K317N/ D501G/WLF in E. coli enhanced 4.48-fold and 3.63-fold level, respectively. The K317N/WLF failed to increase the soluble expression level, but slightly improved the stability of CotA-laccase. Results showed that not only the position 501 is significant for functional expression of B. pumilus W3 CotA, but also these mutants still remained its high thermostability, resistance of alkaline with salt, and conspicuous decolorizing efficiency. This work is the first to improve the soluble expression of B. pumilus CotA-laccase in E. coli by site-directed mutagenesis. The D501G/WLF and K317N/D501G/WLF will be suitable candidates for biotechnological applications.