Electrochimica Acta, Vol.258, 858-865, 2017
Vertically aligned CdTe nanorods array for novel three-dimensional heterojunction solar cells on Ni substrates
In this study, a uniform CdTe nanorods (NRs) arrays are grown on Ni substrates by a simple one-step electrochemical deposition method. The effects of deposition parameters such as the concentration of reactants and reaction time on the growth of CdTe NRs arrays are systematically investigated. Na2TeO3 and CdSO4 have a significantly different influence on the growth of CdTe NRs. With the increase of Na2TeO3 concentration, the diffraction intensity increases slightly at the peak (111) to promote axial growth. The diffraction intensity of (002) can increase with the concentration of CdSO4 increasing, which is conducive to lateral growth. The morphology of CdTe film varies from a thin layer to nanoparticles, and finally to NRs with the extension of time. Based on the characterization results, the possible growth mechanism of CdTe NRs arrays is proposed. The as-prepared CdTe NRs arrays are then embedded into CdS film, forming a novel three-dimensional (3D) heterojunction photovoltaic device. An extensive study of the effect of NRs length on device performance is presented. The results indicate that the device performance is highly dependent on the length of CdTe NRs, and a power conversion efficiency of 2.50% is obtained for optimal length of 1 mu m. The better photovoltaic performance can be attributed to its efficient charge separation and direct pathways for carriers transport. What's more, this novel 3D nanostructured concept suggests great potential for other optoelectronic devices. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.