Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.174, 82-92, 2017
Pressure drop, void fraction and wave behavior in two-phase non-Newtonian churn flow
Many commonly used industrial fluids display non-Newtonian effects. Their rheology exerts a strong influence on flow structure, interface fluctuation, pressure drop, heat transfer and many other flow characteristics. Owing to the complexity of churn flow, knowledge of the flow characteristics with non-Newtonian fluids is not well documented in existing literature. In the present study, we employ the power-law model to describe the non-Newtonian fluid behavior and establish an analytical model to predict pressure gradient, void fraction and wave behavior in churn flow. One churn flow unit is carefully divided into two parts (the falling film region and the wave region) and analyzed separately. The results indicate that liquid viscosity significantly affects the variations of pressure gradient, void fraction, velocity profiles, film thickness and wave behavior. These findings will provide insight into the effect of viscosity on flow structures and benefit a better understanding of the non-Newtonian churn flow. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.