Chemical Engineering & Technology, Vol.40, No.11, 2016-2024, 2017
Effect of Acetonitrile-Based Crystallization Conditions on the Crystal Quality of Vitamin D-3
To design an integrated continuous crystallization setup that is directly coupled to a photochemical synthesis in flow, the crystallization of vitamin D-3 was studied indetail. Because of the high solubility of the vitamin in the reaction solvent tert-butylmethyl ether, a solvent swap to acetonitrile was necessary. While other methods use a multistep procedure, with the proposed approach, crystalline vitamin D-3 can be obtained within one crystallization step. The influence of crystallization parameters, such as the initial concentration of vitamin D-3, stirring as well as cooling temperature, rate, and time, on the obtained results in terms of yield, crystal shape, polymorphism, and particle size distribution are discussed in detail.