Applied Surface Science, Vol.427, 416-421, 2018
Magnetic studies of Co2+, Ni2+, and Zn2+-modified DNA double-crossover lattices
We fabricated divalent-metal-ion-modified DNA double-crossover (DX) lattices on a glass substrate and studied their magnetic characteristics as a function of ion concentrations [Co2+], [Ni2+] and [Zn2+]. Up to certain critical concentrations, the DNA DX lattices with ions revealed discrete S-shaped hysteresis, i.e. characteristics of strong ferromagnetism, with significant changes in the coercive field, remanent magnetization, and susceptibility. Induced magnetic dipoles formed by metal ions in DNA duplex in the presence of a magnetic field imparted ferromagnetic behaviour. By considering hysteresis and the magnitude of magnetization in a magnetization-magnetic field curve, Co2+-modified DNA DX lattices showed a relatively strong ferromagnetic nature with an increasing (decreasing) trend of coercive field and remanent magnetization when [Co2+] <= 1 mM ([Co2+] > 1 mM). In contrast, Ni2+ and Zn2+-modified DNA DX lattices exhibited strong and weak ferromagnetic behaviours at lower (<= 1 mM for Ni2+ and <= 0.5 mM for Zn2+) and higher (> 1 mM for Ni2+ and >0.5 mM for Zn2+) concentrations of ions, respectively. About 1 mM of [Co2+], [Ni2+] and [Zn2+] in DNA DX lattices was of special interest with regard to physical characteristics and was identified to be an optimum concentration of each ion. Finally, we measured the temperature-dependent magnetic characteristics of the metal-ion-modified DNA DX lattices. Nonzero magnetization and inverse susceptibility with almost constant values were observed between 25 and 300 K, with no indication of a magnetic transition. This indicated that the magnetic Curie temperatures of Co2+, Ni2+ and Zn2+-modified DNA DX lattices were above 300 K. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.