Applied Surface Science, Vol.432, 332-336, 2018
Two-dimensional networks of brominated Y-shaped molecules on Au(111)
In the design of supramolecular structures, Y-shaped molecules are useful to expand the structures in three different directions. The supramolecular structures of Y-shaped molecules with three halogen-ligands on surfaces have been extensively studied, but much less are done for those with six halogen-ligands. Here, we report on the intermolecular interactions of a Y-shaped molecule, 1,3,5-Tris(3,5-dibromophenyl) benzene, with six Br-ligands studied using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). Honeycomb-like structures were observed on Au(111), and could be explained with chiral triple-nodes made of three Br center dot center dot center dot Br halogen bonds. Molecular models were proposed based on STM images and reproduced with density-functional theory calculations. Although the molecule has six Br-ligands, only three of them form Br center dot center dot center dot Br halogen bonds because of geometrical restrictions. Our study shows that halogenated Y-shaped molecules will be useful components for building supramolecular structures. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.