Applied Surface Science, Vol.434, 473-480, 2018
Highly improved Uv resistance and composite interfacial properties of aramid fiber via iron (III) coordination
The poor Uv stability and weak interfacial adhesion are considered as the bottleneck problems for further application of aramid fiber. Herein, a new strategy, Fe3+ coordination, was reported for aramid fiber to simultaneous improve its Uv resistance and composite interfacial shear strength. Fe3+ was introduced onto aramid fiber by coordinating with benzimidazole unit of fiber structure. It can reach a doping capacity of as high as 1516ug/g fiber, and the fiber surface is saturatedly covered with Fe3+. The chemical structure of Fe3+-benzimidazole brings about strong metal-enhanced fluorescence emission effect, which, in turn, greatly raises its Uv stability. Owing to the Fe3+ coordination, the tensile strength of Fe-coordinated fiber could preserve as high as 96% after Uv irradiation, compared with 73% of untreated fiber. Meanwhile, the introduction of Fe3+ improves the surface polarity of aramid fiber and consequently leads to the increase of the composite interfacial shear strength by 39%. It is believed that the Fe-coordinated fiber integrates the advantages of easy production, cost-effective and increased Uv stability, as well as high composite interfacial adhesion, and can be used as promising enhancement for the advanced composite material in harsh environment. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.