Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, Vol.184, No.1, 239-252, 2018
Cloning, Purification, and Characterization of Tripeptidyl Peptidase from Streptomyces herbaricolor TY-21
Tripeptidyl peptidase (TPP) is an exopeptidase that sequentially hydrolyzes tripeptides from the N-terminus of oligopeptides or polypeptides. We performed screening for isolating novel TPP-producing microorganisms from soil samples. TPP activity was observed in the culture supernatant of Streptomyces herbaricolor TY-21 by using Ala-Ala-Phe-p-nitroanilide (pNA) as the substrate. TPP from the culture supernatant was purified to approximately 790-fold. It was shown to cleave oxidized insulin B-chain, thereby with releasing tripeptide units, but not the N-terminal-protected peptide, Cbz-Ala-Ala-Phe-pNA. The TPP gene, designated tpp, was isolated from a partial genomic DNA library of S. herbaricolor TY-21. The TPP gene consisted of 1488 bp, and encoded a 133-amino acid pre-pro-peptide and a 362-amino acid mature enzyme containing conserved amino acid residues (Asp-36, His-77, and Ser-282) similar to the catalytic residues in subtilisin. TY-21 TPP belonged to the peptidase S8A family in the MEROPS database. The mature TY-21 TPP showed approximately 49% identity with tripeptidyl peptidase subtilisin-like (TPP S) from Streptomyces lividans strain 66.