화학공학소재연구정보센터
Korean Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.34, No.12, 3085-3091, December, 2017
CO and CO2 methanation over Ni catalysts supported on alumina with different crystalline phases
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The effect of alumina crystalline phases on CO and CO2 methanation was investigated using alumina-supported Ni catalysts. Various crystalline phases, such as α-Al2O3, θ-Al2O3, δ-Al2O3, η-Al2O3, γ-Al2O3, and κ-Al2O3, were utilized to prepare alumina-supported Ni catalysts via wet impregnation. N2 physisorption, H2 chemisorption, temperature- programmed reduction with H2, CO2 chemisorption, temperature-programmed desorption of CO2, and X-ray diffraction were employed to characterize the catalysts. The Ni/θ-Al2O3 catalyst showed the highest activity during both CO and CO2 methanation at low temperatures. CO methanation catalytic activity appeared to be related to the number of Ni surface-active sites, as determined by H2-chemisorption. During CO2 methanation, Ni dispersion and the CO2 adsorption site were found to influence catalytic activity. Selective CO methanation in the presence of excess CO2 was performed over Ni/γ-Al2O3 and Ni/δ-Al2O3; these substrates proved more active for CO methanation than for CO2 methanation.