Molecular Crystals and Liquid Crystals, Vol.650, No.1, 23-31, 2017
Polarization singularities in the self-focusing of an elliptically polarized laser beam in an isotropic phase of nematic liquid crystal close to the temperature of phase transition
Numerical simulations of initially homogenously polarized Gaussian light beam self-focusing in isotropic phase of nematic liquid crystal, the temperature of which is close to the temperature of nematic-isotropic phase transition, were carried out. Here, we show that light polarization singularities (C-lines) of both polarization handednesses are nucleated near these transversal cross-sections of the beam, in which local extrema of peak intensities of corresponding circularly polarized components of the beam are attained. These lines are closed loops, surrounding the beam axis. They appear in wide range of beam and nonlinear medium parameters. Minor fluctuations of beam polarization and amplitude profiles do not destroy these singularities.