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Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol.164, No.9, A2283-A2289, 2017
Discharge Precipitate's Impact in Li-Air Battery: Comparison of Experiment and Model Predictions
This paper presents a fundamental study on the precipitate formation/morphology and impact of discharge precipitates in Li-air batteries and compares the voltage loss with two Li-air battery models, namely a film-resistor model and surface coverage model. Toray carbon cloth is selected as cathode, which serves as large-porosity electrodes with an approximately planar reaction surface. Imaging analysis shows film formation of precipitates is observed in all the experiments. In addition, toroidal and aggregate morphologies are present under lower currents as well. Specially, toroidal or partially toroidal deposit is observed for 0.06 A/cm(2). Aggregates, which consist of small particles with grain boundaries, are shown for 0.03 A/cm(2). We found that the film-resistor model is unable to predict the discharge voltage behaviors under the two lower currents due to the presence of the deposit morphologies other than the film formation. The coverage model's prediction shows acceptable agreement with the experimental data because the model accounts for impacts of various morphologies of precipitates. (C) 2017 The Electrochemical Society. All rights reserved.