Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Vol.130, 389-398, 2017
Thermal analysis of supercritical pressure CO2 in horizontal tubes under cooling condition
Numerical investigation on convective heat transfer of supercritical pressure CO2 in horizontal tubes under cooling condition is carried out by using SST k-omega turbulent model. The effects of heat flux, tube diameter and buoyancy on heat transfer characteristics are discussed. The results show that the temperature stratification and secondary flow are generated, and the radial velocity and turbulent kinetic energy profiles are asymmetric on the cross-section due to buoyant effect. The peak of heat transfer coefficient near the pseudo-critical temperature appears earlier but with a smaller peak value on the bottom surface than on the top surface. The heat transfer discrepancy on the cross-section can be explained by field synergy principle well. The heat flux has no evident influence on the peak value of heat transfer coefficient, but affects its position seriously. The larger the heat flux and the tube diameter are, the more significant the buoyant effect becomes.