Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol.340, 336-343, 2017
Reductive defluorination of perfluorooctanoic acid by titanium(III) citrate with vitamin B-12 and copper nanoparticles
Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) is widespread in the environment, which causes serious health and safety concerns. A mechanistic study on reductive defluorination of PFOA by titanium(III) citrate in the presence of catalysts was conducted. Vitamin B-12 was used to catalyze reduction reactions by shuttling electrons from a reducing agent (electron donor) to PFOA to produce a Co-carbon bond intermediates. In the presence of copper nanoparticles, a precursor complex, B-12-C7F14COOH, adsorbed on the metal surface, followed by a hydrogenolytic reaction to form less-fluorinated products. The synergistic effect between vitamin B-12 and copper nanoparticles enhances the reductive activities by electron-transfer reactions and hydrogenolysis. The efficient reduction of PFOA to less-noxious compounds was demonstrated with a copper dose of 2 g L-1, titanium(III) citrate (45 mM), and vitamin B-12 (0.2 mM) with an initial pH of 9.0 and 70 degrees C. In this anoxic aqueous solution, the biomimetic reductive system effectively removed 65% of PFOA. The mass balance on fluoride matched the observed degradation of PFOA, while no short-chain intermediates were detected. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.