International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.42, No.38, 24055-24066, 2017
Effects of hydrogen addition on laminar flame speeds of methane, ethane and propane: Experimental and numerical analysis
The main purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of hydrogen addition on the laminar flame speeds of methane, ethane and propane. In this work, a flat flame method was used to measure the laminar flame speed in a counter-flow configuration combined with particle image velocimetry (PIV) system. The results indicate that with the increase of hydrogen amount, the laminar flame speeds of methane, ethane and propane increase linearly approximately. In addition, as hydrogen is increased, the flame speed of methane has the maximum increasing amplitude among them, which indicates that methane is more sensitive to hydrogen addition in flame speed than the other two fuels. Simulation analysis finds that the reaction R1: H + O-2 double left right arrow OH + O can promote the flame speeds of these three kinds of gaseous fuel obviously, and with the increase of hydrogen amount, the promoting effect is more obviously. Therefore, the main reason why hydrogen addition could increase flame speed is that the increase of H radical prompts reaction R1 to proceed in the forward direction. Comparing the flames of methane, ethane and propane mixed with hydrogen, it was found that the promotion of reaction R1 to the methane/hydrogen mixtures flame speed is strongest, and its free radicals concentration in flame increase more obviously. Therefore, hydrogen addition has a greater effect on the flame speed of methane than on that of ethane and propane. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Keywords:Counter-flow flat flame;Hydrogen addition;Laminar flame speed;Sensitivity analysis;Component concentration