International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.42, No.38, 24047-24054, 2017
Large capacity hydrogen production by microwave discharge plasma in liquid fuels ethanol
In situ hydrogen production technologies have attracted attentions because of hydrogen storage and transportation safety issues. Discharge plasma technology for hydrogen production is of fast response, large capacity, small scale and portability, which is suitable for automobiles and ships. In this paper, a method for producing hydrogen by microwave discharge in ethanol solution was introduced. A microwave discharge reactor of direct standing wave coupling (MDRSWC) was designed, which was suitable for on-board hydrogen production. The characteristics of large capacity hydrogen production by applying MDRSWC in liquid ethanol were investigated. Depending on the experimental conditions of ethanol concentration and microwave power, the flow rate of hydrogen production was achieved ranging from 28.93 to 72.48 g/h. In addition to main hydrogen and carbon dioxide, a small amount of methane and acetylene as by-products were detected. By optimizing the experimental conditions, the experimental results showed that the flow rate of hydrogen, the percentage concentration of hydrogen and the energy yield of hydrogen production were 72.48 g/h, 58.1% and 48.32 g/kWh respectively. This work could provide a potentially effective hydrogen production method for on-board hydrogen utilization device. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.