International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.42, No.39, 24968-24977, 2017
La0.6Ca0.4Fe0.8Ni0.2O3-delta - Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9 composites as symmetrical bi-electrodes for solid oxide fuel cells through infiltration and in-situ exsolution
Symmetrical solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have more attractive benefits such as a simplified fabrication procedure and enhanced stability and reliability compared to conventional SOFC. In this study, we fabricated a La0.6Ca0.4Fe0.8Ni0.2O3-delta (LCFN) - Sm0.2Ce0.8O1.9 (SDC) composite via infiltration and simple mixing methods and evaluated it as both anode and cathode for symmetrical SOFCs (S-SOFC). X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) results demonstrated that Fe-Ni bimetallic nano particles were exsolved in-situ from LCFN perovskite and distributed on the surface of LCFN backbone after H-2 reduction at high temperature. The electro-activity towards oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) at the cathode side could be further improved by infiltration of SDC nanoparticles. A combined effect of in-situ ex-solution of Fe-Ni as well as infiltration of SDC nanoparticles synergistically promoted the hydrogen oxidation reaction at the anode and ORR activity at the cathode. Furthermore, the S-SOFC showed good stability in H-2 at 800 degrees C for 140 h and reliable redox stability undergoing a repeated H-2-air cycles. These recent results indicate that the LCFN-SDC composite electrodes were promising bi-electrode materials for high performance and cost-effective S-SOFCs. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.