Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.56, No.18, 10861-10874, 2017
Structural, Spectroscopic, and Theoretical Investigation of a T-Shaped [Fe-3(mu(3)-O)] Cluster
synthesis, X-ray crystal and electronic structures of [Fe3(mu(3)-O)(mpmae)(2) (OAc)(2) Cl-3], where mpmae-H = 2-(N-methyl-N-((pyridine-2-yl)methyl)amino)ethanol, are described. This cluster comprises three high -spin ferric ions and exhibits a T-shaped site topology. Variable -frequency electron paramagnetic resonance measurements performed on single crystals of 1 demonstrate a total spin S-T = 5/2 ground state, characterized by a small, negative, and nearly axial zero -field splitting tensor D = 0.49 cm(-1), E/D approximate to 0.055. Analysis of magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, and magneto -structural correlations further corroborate the presence of a sextet ground -spin state. The observed ground state originates from the strong anti ferromagnetic interaction of two iron(III) spins, with J = 115(5) cm(-1), that, in turn, are only weakly coupled to the spin of the third site, with j = 7(1) cm(-1). These exchange interactions lead to a ground state with magnetic properties that are essentially entirely determined by the weakly coupled site. The contributions of the individual spins to the total ground state of the cluster were monitored using variable -field 57Fe Mossbauer spectroscopy. Field -dependent spectra reveal that, while one of the iron sites exhibits a large negative internal field, typical of ferric ions, the other two sites exhibit small, but not null, negative and positive internal fields. A theoretical analysis reveals that these small internal fields originate from the mixing of the lowest S-T = 5/2 excited state into the ground state which, in turn, is induced by a minute structural distortion.