Inorganic Chemistry, Vol.56, No.19, 11753-11761, 2017
Atomically Resolved Short-Range Order at the Nanoscale in the Ca-Mn-O System
The elucidation of the reaction mechanisms involving redox processes in functional transition-metal oxides, which usually start in areas of very few nanometers in size, is yet a challenge to be satisfactorily achieved. Atomically resolved HAADF and EELS have provided both chemical and structural information at the nanoscale, which reveal the preservation of short-range cationic order in areas of 2-3 nm length as the driving force behind the reversibility of the Ca2Mn3O8-Ca2Mn3O5 redox process. Oxygen evolution is accommodated by cationic diffusion along the Ca and Mn layers of the cation-deficient Ca2Mn3O8 delafossite related structure, whereas Mn remains octahedrally coordinated.