Combustion and Flame, Vol.183, 242-252, 2017
Experimental assessment of the sudden-reversal of the oxygen dilution effect on soot production in coflow ethylene flames
This paper explores the influence of oxygen dilution on soot production when oxygen is added to the fuel stream of a steady laminar ethylene flame established over the Santoro axisymmetric coflow burner. Interestingly, at an oxygen mole fraction (X-O2(ax))(trans) located between 30 and 32%, a transition occurs as the influence of X-O2(ax) is suddenly reversed. While the peak mean soot volume fraction increases with increasing X-O2(ax) within the range below (X-O2(ax))(trans), it is reduced with increasing X-O2(ax) beyond (X-O2(ax))(trans)- To help understand this transition, soot temperature and volume fraction fields are measured by the two-dimensional Modulated Absorption/Emission technique. To assess the sensitivity of the transition conditions, carbon dioxide is added to the coflowing oxidizer stream. Increasing CO2 mole fraction in the, coflow, as replacement of N-2 in the air, significantly mitigates soot formation in the flame but does not influence the transitional oxygen concentration (X-O2(ax))(trans) within the resolution of the measurements. Due to the persistence of the transitional oxygen concentration (X-O2(ax))(trans) over a wide range of CO2 replacement of N-2 in the coflowing oxidizer stream, it can be considered a distinct characteristic for the assessment of numerical simulations incorporating soot formation and oxidation models. As an original database, the concomitantly measured soot temperature and volume fraction distributions are attached to the present paper as supplemental materials, thus documenting the aforementioned transitions for the whole range of CO2 content of the coflow investigated. (C) 2017 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.