Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol.25, No.9, 1282-1287, 2017
A comparative study of adsorption and regeneration with different agricultural wastes as adsorbents for the removal of methylene blue from aqueous solution
Removal of dye from the industrial wastewater is one of the most important subjects in water pollution regulation. Successive adsorption/desorption cycles of a basic dye, methylene blue, on the internal almond shell, sheep manure waste and sawdust were investigated using fixed bed column experiments in order to study the adsorption capacity to remove MB and adsorbent regeneration efficiency. The adsorption breakthrough curves were predicted by the Thomas model, Yoon Nelson model, and Wolborska model and modified dose-response model using non-linear regression analysis. The results showed that the modified dose-response model was more suitable for the description of breakthrough curves for three adsorbents only in the first cycle. Although sheep manure waste presents the highest adsorption capacity, it is hard to regenerate and needs more time regeneration. Conversely, the internal almond shell presents lower adsorption capacity, but they are more readily regenerated. (C) 2017 The Chemical Industry and Engineering Society of China, and Chemical Industry Press. All rights reserved.