Chemical Physics Letters, Vol.687, 85-90, 2017
Insight into the novel inhibition mechanism of apigenin to Pneumolysin by molecular modeling
In this study, the mechanism of apigenin inhibition was explored using molecular modelling, binding energy calculation, and mutagenesis assays. Energy decomposition analysis indicated that apigenin binds in the gap between domains 3 and 4 of PLY. Using principal component analysis, we found that binding of apigenin to PLY weakens the motion of domains 3 and 4. Consequently, these domains cannot complete the transition from monomer to oligomer, thereby blocking oligomerisation of PLY and counteracting its haemolytic activity. This inhibitory mechanism was confirmed by haemolysis assays, and these findings will promote the future development of an antimicrobial agent. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.