Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.172, 585-602, 2017
Numerical solution of the Navier-Stokes equations using the Path Tubes method
The present work addresses an extension of the Path Tubes method for solving the time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations for an incompressible Newtonian fluid. The approach used is a physically intuitive methodology whose formulation is based on the theoretical foundations of the mechanics of continuous media. This version of the Path Tubes method draws on a semi-Lagrangian time discretization that employs the Reynolds's transport theorem and a localization strategy. This time discretization can be seen as a transformation that acts on the Navier-Stokes equations, transforming this classical nonlinear model into linear partial differential equations of the (essentially) parabolic type. The result is an implicit semi-Lagrangian algorithm that allows the use of classical schemes for spatial discretization such as central-difference formulas, without the need to use upwind techniques or highorder corrections for time derivatives. The Path Tubes method was implemented through parallel computing. For this, we use a computer equipped with shared-memory multiprocessors and the OpenMP software. After intensive numerical tests and using different values of Reynolds numbers typical of advection-dominated flows, the proposed method proved to be accurate and able to work with coarse grids. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.