Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.172, 385-394, 2017
Influence of recycle streams of C-5/C-6 and C-4 hydrocarbon cuts on the performance of methanol to propylene (PVM) reactors
Conversion of methanol to propylene combined with cracking of C-5/C-6 and C-4 hydrocarbon cuts was studied on a commercial Sud-Chemie Germany ZSM-5 catalyst. The C-5/C-6 hydrocarbon cut consisted of hydrocarbons with 5 and 6 carbons in their structure (27.74% i-pentene, 43.14% i-hexene, 3.70% i-pentane and 7.37% i-hexane). The C-4 hydrocarbon cut consisted of both olefinic and paraffinic molecules. A fraction of the feed hydrocarbon mixture was converted to other hydrocarbons while the conversion of methanol was remained close to 100%. It was observed that co feeding of the hydrocarbons mixture with methanol considerably increase propylene selectivity. Propylene selectivity up to 61% was gained in the propylene via methanol (PVM) process by co feeding of C-5/C-6 hydrocarbon cuts. For the C-4 hydrocarbon cut, propylene selectivity up to 65% was obtained. However, these values do not represent the actual selectivity at actual flow rates of recycle streams. Based on third order polynomials, effects of steady state recycle streams of these cuts are also predicted in this paper. At the best conditions of a steady state recycle stream, 47.7% selectivity was obtained for propylene in the PVM reactors. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.