Chemical Engineering Science, Vol.172, 370-384, 2017
Hydrogenation of 2-ethylanthraquinone with monolithic catalysts: An experimental and modeling study
A series of Pd/zeolite/cordierite (zeolite = MCM-41, SBA-15, Beta, or MCM-22; cordierite = COR) monolithic catalysts, as well as Pd/ZIF-8/COR, Pd/Al2O3/COR, and Pd/SiO2/COR, were prepared, characterized, and evaluated for the hydrogenation of 2-ethylanthraquinone (eAQ) to 2-ethyl-9,10-anthrahydroquinone (eAQH(2)). We found that a 0.8% Pd/MCM-41/COR catalyst exhibited the highest H2O2 yield (7.54 g L-1) and selectivity (85.3%) toward active quinones for hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) production using the anthraquinone method. Notably, the Pd efficiency (1573 gH(2)O(2) g(-1)Pd h(-1)) for the 0.8% Pd/MCM-41/COR monolithic catalyst was much higher than that of a commercial pellet catalyst (500 gH(2)O(2) g(-1) Pd h(-1)). The intrinsic kinetics of hydrogenation of eAQ over 0.8% Pd/MCM-41/COR was measured, and the kinetic equation parameters were incorporated into a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model. The mass transfer coefficients for the monolithic catalysts are 5-20 times higher than the pelleted catalyst. In addition, we found that the gas-liquid mass transfer is the controlling step, showing the unique advantages of monolithic catalysts for process intensification. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.