Bioresource Technology, Vol.244, 1073-1080, 2017
An innovative intermittent-vacuum assisted thermophilic anaerobic digestion process for effective animal manure utilization and treatment
Intermittent-vacuum stripping (IVS) was developed as a pretreatment for thermophilic anaerobic digestion (TAD) to improve methanogenesis and hydrolysis activity through preventing free ammonia and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) inhibition from liquid swine manure (LSM). Over 98% of ammonia and 38% organic nitrogen were removed in 60 min from 55 degrees C to 85 degrees C with vacuum pressure (from 100.63 +/- 3.79 mmHg to 360.91 +/- 7.39 mmHg) at initial pH 10.0 by IVS. Thermophilic methanogenesis and hydrolysis activity of pretreated LSM increased 52.25% (from 11.56 +/- 1.75% to 17.60 +/- 0.49%) in 25 days and 40% (from 10 days to 6 days) in bio-methane potential assay. Over 80% H2S and total nitrogen were removed by IVS assistance, while around 70% nitrogen was recycled as ammonium sulfate. Therefore, IVS-TAD combination could be an effective strategy to improve TAD efficiency, whose elution is more easily utilized in algae cultivation and/or hydroponic system.