Bioresource Technology, Vol.243, 512-519, 2017
Electricity production and microbial characterization of thermophilic microbial fuel cells
Thermophilic microbial fuel cell (TMFC) offers many benefits, but the investigations on the diversity of exoelectrogenic bacteria are scarce. In this study, a two-chamber TMFC was constructed using ethanol as an electron donor, and the microbial dynamics were analyzed by high-throughput sequencing and 16S rRNA clone-library sequencing. The open-circuit potential of TMFC was approximately 650 mV, while the maximum voltage was around 550 mV. The maximum power density was 437 mW/m(2), and the columbic efficiency in this work was 20.5 +/- 6.0%. The Firmicutes bacteria, related to the uncultured bacterium clone A55_D21_H_B_C01 with a similarity of 99%, accounted for 90.9% of all bacteria in the TMFC biofilm. This unknown bacterium has the potential to become a new thermophilic exoelectrogenic bacterium that is yet to be cultured. The development of TMFC-involved biotechnologies will be beneficial for the production of valuable chemicals and generation of energy in the future. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.