Bioresource Technology, Vol.245, 984-992, 2017
Continuous feeding of spent ammonium sulphite liquor improves the production and saccharification performance of cellulase by Penicillium oxalicum
Spent ammonium sulphite liquor (SASL) is the main effluent from the ammonium sulphite pulping process, and contains amounts of lignocellulosic oligomers, monosaccharides and ammonium salts. The effect of continuous SASL-feeding on cellulase production by Penicillium oxalicum was studied. With a rate-varying feeding strategy, the maximal filter paper enzyme (FPase) activity reached 17.66 U/mL at 144 h, and the specific FPase activity increased from 1.74 U/mg (without SASL) to 2.40 U/mg. Accordingly, the glucan hydrolysis conversion of delignified corn cob residue by the enzymes from continuous SASL-feeding fermentation was significantly higher than that without SASL at equal protein loadings. Comparative proteomic analysis demonstrated that the proteins involved in lignocellulose degradation were specifically up-regulated in the crude cellulase with SASL-feeding. The obtained crude enzyme was efficient in the hydrolysis of pulping products, with a glucan conversion of 81.87% achieved after 72 h saccharification of ammonium sulphite pulp.