Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.490, No.3, 1119-1124, 2017
S1PR2 antagonist protects endothelial cells against high glucose induced mitochondrial apoptosis through the Akt/GSK-3 beta signaling pathway
Vascular complications are the main cause of morbidity and mortality associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. An early hallmark of the onset of vascular complications is endothelial dysfunction and apoptosis. We aimed to explore the role of sphingosine-l-phosphatereceptor 2 (S1PR2) in high glucose induced endothelial cells apoptosis and to elaborate the underlying mechanism. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were cultured in a high glucose with or without S1PR2 antagonist. The apoptosis of the cells was measured by flow cytometry and mitochondrial membrane permeability was detected by the fluorescent probe JC-1. The expression of the related protein was determined by western blot. Cell apoptosis and the loss of mitochondrial membrane permeability were induced under high glucose conditions in HUVECs. The expression of mitochondrial apoptosis related protein bax increased and bcl-2 decreased in high glucose-induced HUVECs. The level of cytochrome c released into the cytoplasm increased when cells were exposed to high glucose. In addition, the expression of p-AKT and p-GSK3 beta was reduced when HUVECs were treated with high glucose. However, these effects were reversed in HUVECs when cells treated with S1PR2 antagonist. In conclusion, S1PR2 antagonist protects endothelial cells against high glucose-induced mitochondrial apoptosis through the Akt/GSK-3 beta signaling pathway. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.