Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.491, No.1, 209-216, 2017
Inhibition of phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase ameliorates antiproliferation by benzyl isothiocyanate in human colon cancer cells
In the present study, we clarified the role of phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) in antiproliferation induced by benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) in human colorectal cancer cells. BITC simultaneously activated the PI3K/Akt/forkhead box 0 (FoxO) pathway, whereas it significantly inhibited the proliferation in human colorectal cancer cells. Inhibitory experiments using a PI3K selective inhibitor, LY294002 or NVP-BEZ235, significantly enhanced the BITC-induced antiproliferation and apoptotic cell population with the attenuation of the BITC-induced activation of the PI3K/Akt/FoxO survival pathway. Furthermore, BITC enhanced the insulin-activated PI3K/Akt/FoxO pathway, possibly through its inhibition of the protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B enzymatic activity. Taken together, these results suggested that the PI3K/Akt/FoxO pathway negatively regulates the BITC-induced antiproliferation in human colorectal cancer cells. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.