Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.492, No.3, 412-418, 2017
Neuromedin U precursor-related peptide (NURP) exerts neuromedin U-like sympathetic nerve action in the rat
It has been suggested that novel peptide that is produced from the neuromedin U (NMU) precursor may exist, as this precursor contains multiple consensus sequences for proteolytic processing. Recently, we identified two mature novel peptides comprising 33 and 36 residues in the rat brain, which were designated neuromedin U precursor-related peptide (NURP) 33 and 36. In the present study, we compared the roles of NURP33 and 36 with that of NMU, as neither activates the NMU receptors. Immunoreactivity for NMU and NURPs was widely present in the central nervous system and showed a similar distribution. Intracerebroventricular (icv) injection of NURP33 in rats increased locomotor activity, energy expenditure, heart rate and back surface temperature (BST), similarly to NMU or NURP36. NMU treatment reduced food intake, but NURP33 did not. Pretreatment with the beta 3 blocker, SR59230A, and the cyclooxygenase blocker, indomethacin, inhibited the NURP33- or NMU-induced increase of BS-T. In addition, icy injection of NURP33 or NMU increased the expression of mRNA for cyclooxygenase 2 in the hypothalamus and for uncoupling protein 1 in the brown adipose tissue. These results suggest that although NURP33 and 36 do not activate the NMU receptors, they might exert NMU-like sympathetic nerve action in the brain. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Inc.