Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.492, No.4, 587-596, 2017
Antagonism of type I interferon by flaviviruses
The prompt and tightly controlled induction of type I interferon is a central event of the immune defense against viral infection. Flaviviruses comprise a large family of arthropod-borne positive-stranded RNA viruses, many of which represent a serious threat to global human health due to their high rates of morbidity and mortality. All flaviviruses studied so far have been shown to counteract the host's immune response to establish a productive infection and facilitate viral spread. Here, we review the current knowledge on the main strategies that human pathogenic flaviviruses utilize to escape both type I IFN induction and effector pathways. A better understanding of the specific mechanisms by which flaviviruses activate and evade innate immune responses is critical for the development of better therapeutics and vaccines. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.