Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.492, No.4, 579-586, 2017
Role of N-glycosylation on Zika virus E protein secretion, viral assembly and infectivity
Zika virus has rapidly spread reaching a global distribution pattern similar to that of dengue virus, and has been associated with serious neurological and developmental pathologies, like congenital malformation during pregnancy and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Sequence analysis of different clinical and laboratory isolates has shown the existence of mutants with loss of the conserved N-glycosylation motif on domain I of protein E that is common to all flaviviruses. We found that loss of E N-linked glycosylation leads to compromised expression and secretion of E ectodomain from mammalian cells. For both, wild type and glycosylation-negative mutant, secretion was independent of co-expression of the PrM viral protein, but highly dependent on temperature. Low temperature (28 degrees C) favoured secretion, although the glycosylation mutant E ectodomain showed impaired secretion and membrane display compared to the wild type. Production of pseudoviral particles with a West Nile virus replicon packaged with the Zika virus structural proteins C-PrM-E was significantly reduced with the non-glycosylated E. Similarly, glycosylation-negative pseudoviral particles showed impaired infectivity of Vero cells and reduced ability to infect K562 cells upon particles opsonisation with anti-E antibodies. (C) 2017 Published by Elsevier Inc.