Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.493, No.1, 744-750, 2017
Bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, alleviates atopic dermatitis by increasing claudin 1 protein expression
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory skin disease. Many studies investigating AD pathogenesis and its therapy have been conducted but none have been successful. One of the causes of AD is dysfunction of tight junctions through reduction of claudin 1 expression in the epidermal barrier of the skin. In the present study, we investigated the role of bortezomib (BTZ) in the restoration of the reduced expression of claudin 1. Immunoblot and immunofluorescence analyses revealed that BTZ increased the protein expression level of claudin 1 in the human keratinocyte cell line HaCaT, thereby forming paracellular barriers. Furthermore, repeated application of BTZ alleviated atopic symptoms on the backs and ears of 2, 4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB)-induced AD mice, and led to the formation of normal tight junctions in the epidermal barrier of DNCB-induced mice skin. Taken together, these results demonstrate that BTZ-induced claudin 1 expression may be a valuable therapeutic approach for AD. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.