Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.493, No.1, 298-305, 2017
Indispensable role of lipoprotein bound-ApoE in adipogenesis and endocytosis induced by postprandial TRL
Diet-associated obesity is coexisted with postprandial hypertriglyceridemia that indicates increased number of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins (TRL). This study aimed to investigate the effect of postprandial TRL-bound apolipoprotein E (ApoE) on adipogenesis and potential mechanisms. 3T3-L1 cells were cultured with (i) human TRL (h-TRL) with or without insulin, or (ii) TRL from wild type mice (WT-TRL) or ApoE knock-out mice (EKO-TRL) and insulin. The differentiating adipocytes were incubated with different kinds of TRL labeled by red fluorescence and confocal microscopy was performed. Receptor associated protein (RAP), heparin or both were added to inhibit low density lipoprotein receptor family receptors, heparan sulfate proteoglycan or both, respectively. With the aid of insulin, postprandial h-TRL or WT-TRL, instead of EKO-TRL, successfully induced adipogenesis. Confocal microscopy revealed red fluorescence in the differentiating adipocytes treated with h-TRL or WT-TRL, but not with EKO-TRL. RAP markedly reduced red fluorescence within the differentiating adipocytes, while heparin had little impact. The low density lipoprotein receptor related protein 1 protein showed upward trend with the increase of TRL concentrations. Taken together, lipoprotein-bound ApoE was required in both postprandial TRL-induced adipogenesis and TRL endocytosis by the differentiating adipocytes, the latter could be partially through low density lipoprotein receptor family dependent-pathway. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.