Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, Vol.101, No.21, 7997-8005, 2017
The impact of electron donors and anode potentials on the anode-respiring bacteria community
Both anode potentials and substrates can affect the process of biofilm formation in bioelectrochemical systems, but it is unclear who primarily determine the anode-respiring bacteria (ARB) community structure and composition. To address this issue, we divided microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) into groups, feeding them with different substrates and culturing them at various potentials. Non-turnover cyclic voltammetry indicated that the extracellular electron transfer components were uniform when feeding acetate, because the same oxidation peaks occurred at - 0.36 +/- 0.01 and - 0.17 +/- 0.01 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). Illumina MiSeq sequencing revealed that the dominating ARB was Geobacter, which did not change with different potentials. When the MECs were cultured with sucrose and mixed substrates, oxidation peak P3 (- 0.29 +/- 0.015 V) occurred at potentials of - 0.29 and 0.01 V. This may be because of the appearance of Unclassified_AKYG597. In addition, oxidation peak P4 (- 0.99 +/- 0.01 V) occurred at high and low potentials (0.61 and - 0.45 V, respectively), and the maximum current densities were far below those of the middle potentials. Illumina MiSeq sequencing showed that fermentation microorganisms (Lactococcus and Sphaerochaeta) dominated the biofilms. Consequently, substrate primarily determined the dominating ARB, and Geobacter invariably dominated the acetate-fed biofilms with potentials changed. Conversely, different potentials mainly affected fermentable substrate-fed biofilms, with dominating ARB turning into Unclassified_AKYG59.