Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, Vol.218, 338-348, 2017
Development of stable and efficient CeVO4 systems for the selective reduction of NOx by ammonia: Structure-activity relationship
Bulk CeVO4 catalysts prepared by hydrothermal synthesis have been developed for the ammonia selective catalytic reduction of NOx to nitrogen. The catalytic properties were evaluated in standard and fast-SCR conditions for stationary and mobile applications. The coexistence of low concentration of Ce4+ species stabilized as CeO2 with bulk CeVO4 was found to be crucial for enhancing the intermediate formation of NO2 from NO oxidation. Such cooperative effects impact on the rate of NO conversion to nitrogen regardless of the operating conditions. Aging processes under wet atmosphere at 500 degrees C and 600 degrees C did not destabilize the bulk zircon-type structure of CeVO4. No loss of vanadium was observed due to significant sublimation of vanadium. Despite poorer textural properties with regard to fresh CeVO4, aged CeVO4 catalysts exhibit better catalytic properties in terms of rate of NO conversion and selectivity thus providing an alternative to less stable supported vanadia-based catalysts. Indeed, higher TOF values were measured in standard-SCR conditions at 200 degrees C on aged samples at 600 degrees C whereas an aging at 500 degrees C leads to selectivity enhancement at high temperature. All these changes can be rationalized based on the surface modifications of redox and acidic properties of vanadium species due to a slight extraction and stabilization of VOX species. (C) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.