Advanced Powder Technology, Vol.28, No.10, 2542-2548, 2017
Effects of main particle diameter on improving particle flowability for compressed packing fraction in a smaller particle admixing system
Particle flowability can be improved by admixing particles smaller than the original particles (main particles). However, the mechanisms by which this technique improves flowability are not yet fully understood. In this study, we examined compressed packing in a particle bed, which is affected by particle flowability. To estimate the mechanism of improvement, we investigated the effects of the main particle diameter on the improvement of compressed packing fractions experimentally. The main particles were 397 and 1460 nm in diameter and the admixed particles were 8, 21, 62, and 104 nm in diameter. The main and admixed particles were mixed in various mass ratios, and the corn-pressed packing fractions of the mixtures were measured. SEM images were used to analyze the coverage diameter and the surface coverage ratio of the admixed particles on the main particles. The main particle packing fraction was improved as the diameter ratio (=main particles/admixed particles) increased. This was explained by a linked rigid-3-bodies model with leverage. Furthermore, the actual surface coverage ratio at which the most improved packing fraction was obtained decreased with increasing main particle diameter. This was explained by the difference in the curvature of the main particle surface. (C) 2017 The Society of Powder Technology Japan. Published by Elsevier B.V. and The Society of Powder Technology Japan. All rights reserved.