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Thermochimica Acta, Vol.653, 1-7, 2017
Drug-tea polyphenol interaction (II) complexation of piperazine derivatives with green tea polyphenol
Complex formation between piperazine derivatives (PD) and green tea polyphenols (GTP) in an aqueous solutions and the mechanism were studied by isothermal titration microcalorimetry and molecular modeling study. Lomerizine dihydrochloride (LMZ), cetirizine dihydrochloride (CTZ) and hydroxyzine dihydrochloride (HXZ) were used as PD, and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCg) and ( -)-epigallocatechin (EGC) were used as GTP. The mixed solutions of PD (except HXZ) and EGCg were cloudy because an insoluble complex was formed, and PD remaining in the solutions were approximately 30-60%. LMZ and CTZ formed complexes with EGCg at a 2:1 molar ratio, and the thermodynamic parmeters were Delta G = - 23.9 kJ mol(-1), Delta H = -22.6 kJ mol(-1) and T Delta S = 1.3 kJ mol-1 for the LMZ-EGCg system and Delta G = -23.0 kJ mol(-1), Delta H = -21.5 kJ mol(-1) and T Delta S = 1.5 kJ mol-1 for the CTZ-EGCg system. The mixed solution of HXZ and EGCg was not cloudy, and approximately 100% of HXZ remained in the solution. On the other hand, the residual rate of PD in the solution did not decrease after mixing with EGC. No heat of the reaction was observed in HXZ-EGCg and PD-EGC systems. It was clarified that hydrogen bond formation between the nitrogen atom of the piperazine ring in a molecule of PD and the hydroxyl group of galloyl ring of an EGCg molecule played an important role in stabilization of the complexes.
Keywords:Isothermal titration calorimetry;Green tea polyphenol;Piperazine derivatives;Insoluble complex;Molecular modeling calculation