Solid State Ionics, Vol.303, 181-190, 2017
Understanding the electrochemical behaviour of LSM-based SOFC cathodes. Part II - Mechanistic modelling and physically-based interpretation
This study presents a physically-based model for the impedance simulation of the oxygen reduction reaction in porous strontium-doped lanthanum manganite (LSM) cathodes. The model describes the surface mechanism only, taking into account the co-limited adsorption/diffusion of oxygen and the charge-transfer reaction at the three-phase boundary (TPB). After calibration with experimental impedance spectra, the model is used to identify the transition of kinetic regime from the surface to the bulk path mechanism, which occurs at cathodic dc bias of ca. 0.2 V within 700-800 degrees C. The transition is highlighted by a significant decrease in impedance and the appearance of a low-frequency inductive loop. The model consistently reproduces the impedance spectra before the transition of kinetic regime with a single set of parameters, allowing for the deconvolution of two features, one associated with the co-limited adsorption/diffusion process (ca. 5 Hz) and another minor contribution due to the charge-transfer at the TPB (ca. 35 Hz). The model and its parameters, which quantitatively agree with the literature, can be used as a basis to optimize the microstructural and surface properties of technical LSMbased cathodes, showing that the TPB length is not the main parameter to be maximized. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.