Langmuir, Vol.33, No.24, 6102-6107, 2017
Micropatterning of Multiple Photonic Colloidal Crystal Gels for Flexible Structural Color Films
We herein report the micropatterning of flexible multiple photonic colloidal crystal gels (PCCGs) using single-layered microchannels. These patterned PCCGs exhibit structural colors that can be tuned by adjustment of the diameter and concentration of the colloidal particles in precursor solutions of N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) or polyethylene glycol diacrylate (PEGDA). The precursor solutions containing dispersed colloidal particles were selectively injected into single-layered microchannels where they polymerized rapidly. The shape, density, and height of the patterned PCCG pixels were determined by the microchannels, which in turn determined the optical properties of the PCCG arrays. Furthermore, the preparation of three different types of PCCGs exhibiting three different structural colors at a high pixel density was demonstrated successfully using the single-layered polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) microchannels. Finally, the optical reflective properties and the mechanical flexibility of the patterned multiple PCCG arrays were evaluated. We expect that our method for the preparation of such patterned PCCG arrays will contribute to the development of flexible optical devices.