Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Vol.504, 688-696, 2017
Hierarchical flower-like nickel(II) oxide microspheres with high adsorption capacity of Congo red in water
Monodispersed hierarchical flower-like nickel(II) oxide (NiO) microspheres were fabricated by a facile solvothermal reaction with the assistance of ethanolamine and a subsequent calcinhtion process. The as-synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, nitrogen adsorption -desorption isotherms, zeta potential measurement and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Flower-like nickel(II) hydroxide microspheres with uniform diameters of approximate 6.3 pm were obtained after the solvothermal reaction. After heat treatment at 350 degrees C, the crystal phase transformed to NiO, but the hierarchical porous structure was maintained. The as-prepared microspheres exhibited outstanding performance for the adsorption of Congo red (CR), an anionic organic dye, from aqueous solution at circumneutral pH. The pseudo-second-order model can make a good description of the adsorption kinetics, while Langmuir model could well express the adsorption isotherms, with calculated maximum CR adsorption capacity of 534.8 and 384.6 mg g(-1), respectively, for NiO and Ni(OH)(2). The adsorption mechanism of CR onto the as-synthesized samples can be mainly attributed to electrostatic interaction between the positively charged sample surface and the anionic CR molecules. The as-prepared NiO microspheres are a promising adsorbent for CR removal in water treatment. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.