International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.42, No.15, 10636-10644, 2017
Simulation-based safety investigation of a hydrogen fueling station with an on-site hydrogen production system involving methylcyclohexane
Adequate safety measures are crucial for preventing major accidents at hydrogen fueling stations. In particular, risk analysis of the domino effect at hydrogen fueling stations is essential because knock-on accidents are likely to intensify the consequences of a relatively small incident. Several risk assessment studies have focused on hydrogen fueling stations, but none have investigated accidental scenarios related to the domino effect at such stations. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to identify a domino effect scenario, analyze the scenario by using simulations and propose safety measures for preventing and mitigating of the scenario. In this hazard identification study, we identified the domino effect scenario of a hydrogen fueling station with an on-site hydrogen production system involving methylcyclohexane and investigated through simulations of the scenario. The simulations revealed that a pool fire of methylcyclohexane or toluene can damage the process equipment and that thermal radiation may cause the pressurized hydrogen tanks to rupture. The rupture-type vent system can serve as a critical safety measure for preventing and mitigating the examined scenario. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd on behalf of Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC.