International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.42, No.15, 10131-10141, 2017
Characteristics of A(2)B(7)-type La-Y-Ni-based hydrogen storage alloys modified by partially substituting Ni with Mn
LaY2Ni10.5-xMnx (x = 0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0) alloys are prepared by a vacuum induction-quenching process followed by annealing. The structure, as well as the hydriding/dehydriding and charging/discharging characteristics, of the alloys are investigated via X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), pressure-composition isotherms (PCI), and electrochemical measurement. The alloys have multiphase structures mainly composed of Gd2Co7-type (3R) and Ce2Ni7-type (2H) phases. Partial substitution of Ni by Mn clearly increases the hydrogen storage capacity of the alloys. The x = 0.5 alloy exhibits a maximum hydrogen storage capacity of 1.40 wt % and a discharge capacity of 392.9 mAh g(-1), which are approximately 1.5 and 1.9 times greater than those of the x = 0.0 alloy, respectively. The high-rate dischargeability (HRD) of the x = 0.5 alloy is higher than that of the other alloys because of its large hydrogen diffusion coefficient D, which is a controlling factor in the electrochemical kinetic performance of alloy electrodes at high discharge current densities. Although the cyclic stability of the x = 0.5 alloy is not as high as that of the other alloys, its capacity retention ratio is as high as 56.3% after the 400th cycle. The thermodynamic characteristics of the x = 0.5 alloy satisfy the requirements of the hydride electrode of metal hydride-nickel (MH-Ni) batteries. (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.