International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Vol.42, No.15, 10047-10056, 2017
In-situ nitrogen doping in carbon nanotubes using a fluidized bed reactor and hydrogen storage behavior of the doped nanotubes
Nitrogen atoms were successfully doped into the lattice of carbon nanotubes (hereafter called N-CNT) by chemical vapor deposition in a fluidized bed reactor using a solid precursor Imidazole. X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy estimated that similar to 5.4 atom% of nitrogen was doped in the synthesized CNTs. The successful formation of N-CNTs was also confirmed by Fourier Transforms Infrared Spectroscopy. Transmission electron microscopy revealed the morphological features of N-CNTs and their changes with temperature. The use of fluidized bed resulted in the formation of uniform nature of N-CNTs. In-depth studies of influence of nitrogen doping in CNTs for hydrogen storage was studied by comparing with bare CNTs, also synthesized by a the same fluidized bed reactor. The hydrogen storage capacity for N-CNTs (0.8 wt.%) was enhanced significantly at very low temperature (163 K), compared to bare CNTs (0.28 wt.%). (C) 2017 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.