Electrochimica Acta, Vol.241, 370-374, 2017
FePS3 electrodes in all-solid-state lithium secondary batteries using sulfide-based solid electrolytes
In bulk-type all-solid-state lithium batteries with sulfide-based solid electrolytes, composite electrodes, in which an active material, a solid electrolyte, and a conductive additive are mixed, have been used to enhance lithium-ion diffusion and electronic conductivity. However, the addition of electrolytes and electron-conductive additives to the composite electrodes decreases the amount of active materials in the batteries. In the present study, FePS3 was employed as the electrode in an all-solid-state lithium secondary battery, without mixing the solid electrolytes and conductive additives. The all-solid-state cell using the FePS3 electrode exhibited reversible charge-discharge behavior for more than 30 cycles under a constant current density of 0.13 mA cm (2) at room temperature. The discharge capacity of the cell was 107 mAh g (1) at the 30th cycle. This behavior was comparable to that of a cell with an electrode including a solid electrolyte and/or a conductive additive, indicating that the FePS3 electrode had sufficient paths of lithium ions and of electron conduction. These results suggest that FePS3 is an attractive iron-based electrode for an all-solid-state battery using a sulfide-based solid electrolyte. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.