Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.488, No.1, 136-140, 2017
Sterol regulatory element-binding protein 1 inhibitors decrease pancreatic cancer cell viability and proliferation
Sterol regulatory element-binding proteinl (SREBP1) is a key regulatory factor that controls lipid homeostasis. Overactivation of SREBP1 and elevated lipid biogenesis are considered the major characteristics in malignancies of prostate cancer, endometrial cancer, and glioblastoma. However, the impact of SREBP1 activation in the progression of pancreatic cancer has not been explored. The present study examines the effect of suppression of SREBP1 activation by its inhibitors like fatostatin and PF429242 besides analyzing the impact of inhibitory effects on SREBP1 downstream signaling cascade such as fatty acid synthase (FAS), hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGCoAR), stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD-1), and tumor suppressor protein p53 in MIA PaCa-2 pancreatic cancer cells. Both fatostatin and PF429242 inhibited the growth of MIA PaCa-2 cells in a time and concentration-dependent manner with maximal inhibition attained at 72 h time period with IC50 values of 14.5 mu M and 24.5 mu M respectively. Detailed Western blot analysis performed using fatostatin and PF429242 at 72 h time point led to significant decrease in the levels of the active form of SREBP1 and its downstream signaling proteins such as FAS, SCD-1 and HMGCoAR and the mutant form of tumor suppressor protein, p53, levels in comparison to the levels observed in vehicle treated control group of MIA PaCa-2 pancreatic cells over the same time period. Our in vitro data suggest that SREBP1 may contribute to pancreatic tumor growth and its inhibitors could be considered as a potential target in the management of pancreatic cancer cell proliferation. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.