Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol.489, No.2, 200-205, 2017
Chaperone-like activity of synthetic polyanions can be higher than the activity of natural chaperones at elevated temperature
Polyelectrolytes are a prospective tool for protection of proteins against aggregation. We compared synthetic polyanion, poly(styrene sulfonate), and natural chaperones of different types, namely, GroEL-like chaperonin from Pseudomonas aeruginosa phage EL and human small heat shock protein HspB5 (alpha B-crystallin), in their ability to prevent aggregation of client proteins. At 45 degrees C, all three agents efficiently suppressed thermal aggregation of phage endolysin. At higher temperatures, HspB5 and poly(-styrene sulfonate) also inhibited endolysin aggregation, though polyanion became less efficient than HspB5 at 55 degrees C and 60 degrees C. However, the polyanion completely protected another protein, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase, even at 60 degrees C, in contrast to both natural chaperones whose effect disappeared at 50-55 degrees C. These results provide a platform for the development of artificial chaperones based on synthetic polyelectrolytes. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.